Hyundai Getz>> Engine>> Greasing system
Features of the device 
Greasing system the combined: a razbryzgivaniye and under pressure. Under pressure radical and shatunny bearings, support of camshafts are greased. The system consists of an oil case, the shesterenchaty oil pump with a maslopriyemnik, the polnopotochny oil filter, the sensor of pressure of oil and oil valves.
The oil pump takes away oil from the oil pallet of the engine and submits it to the oil filter. From forcing of the oil pump there is perepuskny a valve. At too high pressure of oil the valve opens and the part of oil flows down back in the engine pallet.
Through the middle of a filtering element of the oil filter pure oil arrives to the trunk oil main. At a contamination of the filter bypass the valve located in the case of the oil filter, submits not filtered oil directly to the trunk oil main. In a branch pipe of the oil filter there is a return valve which interferes with a devastation of oil channels and hydraulic pushers of valves of the engine. Channels depart from the trunk oil main for greasing of bearings of a cranked shaft. Through inclined openings in cranked to a shaft oil moves to shatunny bearings, and from there is sprayed on piston fingers and cylinders. At the same time on ascending channels oil moves in a head of the block of cylinders and ensures functioning greasing of bearings of a camshaft and hydraulic pushers.

Consumption of oil
Speaking about a consumption of oil in an internal combustion engine, we mean only that its quantity which is spent at combustion (an expense on waste). At all it is not necessary to confuse a consumption of oil to oil loss because of a leakage of the oil pallet, a cover of a head of the block of cylinders and so forth. The normal consumption of oil arises owing to combustion of a small amount in cylinders, and also because of branch of the remains of combustion and particles of products of wear. Oil grows old under the influence of high temperature and pressure in engine cylinders. On a consumption of oil make a great impact and external factors, such as a driving manner, and also accuracy of manufacturing of details of the engine.
The most admissible at operation the consumption of oil can make 1 l on 1000 km of run.
On reaching a label of "MIN" it is necessary to add oil (the volume of added oil should not exceed 1 l).

Oil choice for system of greasing of the engine 
All-weather oil is applied to greasing of engines of Hyundai cars. It can be used both in winter, and in summertime. A basis of all-weather oils are liquid seasonal oils (for example, a viscosity class 15W). At the expense of so-called thickeners oil is stabilized in a hot condition therefore for each condition necessary lubricant properties are provided. The letter "W" on classification of SAE specifies that this oil can be used in the winter.
Legkokhodnye oils represent all-weather oils with antifrictional additives, at their application the economy of fuel to 2 % is possible. Legkokhodnye oils have low viscosity (for example, 10W-30). They demand a special basis (synthetic oils).
Recommended class of quality of oil on API – not below SG or SH.
Recommended class of viscosity of oil on SAE – depending on the expected temperature of air before the following replacement of oil.

Check of level of oil
Establish the car on an equal horizontal platform.
Start up and warm up the engine.

       NOTE
After long idle time of the car  warm up the engine approximately within 20 minutes.

Stop the engine, wait for 2-3 mines and check oil level.
Level of oil should be between labels masloizmeritelny щупа. At decrease in level below a label of "L" add oil to «F» label.
Be convinced that oil pure, without impurity of cooling liquid or gasoline and has demanded viscosity.

PREVENTION
On the cars equipped with engines with catalytic converter, it is necessary to watch that oil level on masloizmeritelny щупу was not higher than the maximum. If in the car with catalytic converter too much oil is filled in, it is necessary to remove its surplus from a case with means plum or a suction (the special vacuum pump), otherwise not burned down oil will get into system of production of the fulfilled gases and can destroy catalytic converter.

Oil replacement in the engine
Start up and warm up the engine to normal working temperature.
Stop the engine.

Fig. 2.127. A stopper of a masloslivny opening in the oil pallet (it is designated by an arrow)


Remove a stopper of a maslonalivny mouth, unscrew a stopper of a masloslivny opening (on the oil pallet), as is shown in fig. 2.127 , and merge oil from the engine.
Wrap a stopper and tighten it the moment of 35-45 N · m.
Fill in in the engine fresh oil through a bulk mouth.
Establish a stopper of a maslonalivny mouth.
Start up the engine and let's to it work.
Stop the engine, check level of oil and if necessary restore it to norm.
Capacity of system of greasing of the engine, l:
working volume of 1,1 l:        
2,8 (without replacement of the oil filter);
3,1  (with replacement of the oil filter)
working volume 1,3; 1,5 and 1,6 l:       
3,0 (without replacement of the oil filter);
3,3  (with replacement of the oil filter)

Replacement of the oil filter
All Hyundai engines equip with demountable oil quality filters which are recommended to be used for replacement on all cars. Filters available on sale are various on quality. For ensuring effective maintenance it is necessary to use only quality filters. Before installation of the new filter remove from a privalochny surface of the block of cylinders the remains of rubber laying of the old filter.
Unscrew the oil filter by means of a special key.

Fig. 2.128. Greasing of rubber laying of the oil filter before installation


Put pure engine oil on rubber laying of the new filter (fig. 2.128) .

Fig. 2.129. An arrangement of the oil filter in a motor compartment (the car bottom view)


Wrap the oil filter and tighten it the moment of 12-16 N · m (fig. 2.129) .
Start up the engine and be convinced of absence of leakages of oil.
Stop the engine, check level of oil and if necessary finish it to norm.

Cars with engines in working volume of 1,1 and 1,3 l  

Fig. 2.130. Elements of system of greasing of the engine in working volume of 1,3 l: 1–forward epiploon of a cranked shaft; 2–forward cover of the block of cylinders; 3–leading gear wheel of the oil pump; 4–a conducted gear wheel of the oil pump; 5–cover of the oil pump; 6–laying of a forward cover of the block of cylinders; 7–laying of a maslopriyemnik; 8–maslopriyemnik; 9–oil case; 10-oil filter; 11-stopper of the reduktsionny valve; 12-laying of the reduktsionny valve; 13-spring of the reduktsionny valve; 14-plunzher of the reduktsionny valve


Fig. 2.131. Elements of system of greasing of the engine in working volume of 1,1 l: 1–forward epiploon of a cranked shaft; 2–forward cover of the block of cylinders; 3–leading gear wheel of the oil pump; 4–a conducted gear wheel of the oil pump; 5–cover of the oil pump; 6–laying of a maslopriyemnik; 7–maslopriyemnik; 8–oil case; 9–plunzher of the reduktsionny valve; 10-stopper of the reduktsionny valve; 11-spring of the reduktsionny valve


Elements of system of greasing of the engine in working volume of 1,3 l are shown on fig. 2.130 , the engine in working volume of 1,1 l – on fig. 2.131 .
Oil pump
Removal
Remove a belt of a drive of the gas-distributing mechanism.
Unscrew bolts of fastening of an oil case.
Remove an oil case.
Remove a maslopriyemnik of the oil pump.
Remove a forward cover of the block of cylinders (the case of the oil pump) assembled.
Uncover the oil pump.

Fig. 2.132. Oil pump assembled: 1–case of the oil pump; 2–leading gear wheel; 3–a conducted gear wheel; 4–adjusting labels


Take out conducting and conducted gear wheels from a forward cover of the block of cylinders (fig. 2.132) . And conducted gear wheels are put on the leader adjusting labels (see fig. 2.132 ).
Unscrew a stopper of the reduktsionny valve, take out a spring and a plunzher of the valve.
Check of a technical condition
Check an oil case on existence of damages or cracks and if necessary replace it.
Check a maslopriyemnik on existence of breakages, damages or cracks and if necessary replace it.
Check surfaces of contact of the case and gear wheels of the oil pump on lack of wear (especially step).
Check teeths of gear wheels on lack of wear or damages.

Fig. 2.133. Gap check between external diameter and a nest of a conducted gear wheel in the pump case by means of flat щупа


Check a gap between external diameter of a conducted gear wheel and a nest of a conducted gear wheel in the pump case (fig. 2.133) .
Radial gap between external diameter and a nest of a conducted gear wheel in the case of the pump, mm:
engines in working volume of 1,3 l...... 0,12–0,18
engines in working volume of 1,1 l...... 0,10–0,18

Fig. 2.134. Gap check between teeths of gear wheels by means of flat щупа


Check a gap between teeths of gear wheels (fig. 2.134) .
Nominal gap between teeths of gear wheels, mm:
engines in working volume of 1,3 l...... 0,025–0,069
engines in working volume of 1,1 l...... 0,06–0,18

Fig. 2.135. Gap check between an end face of a conducted gear wheel and the plane of the case of the pump by means of flat щупа


Check a gap between an end face of a conducted gear wheel and the plane of the case of the pump (fig. 2.135) .
Nominal gap between an end face of a conducted gear wheel and the plane of the case of the pump, mm:
engines in working volume of 1,3 l..... 0,04–0,087
engines in working volume of 1,1 l..... 0,04–0,095
Assembly and installation

Fig. 2.136. Adjusting labels of gear wheels of the oil pump


Establish in a forward cover of the block of cylinders (the case of the oil pump) conducting and conducted gear wheels, watching their correct arrangement on labels, as is shown in fig. 2.136 .
Establish a cover of the oil pump and
tighten bolts of fastening the moment
8–12 N · m. After an inhaling of bolts check smoothness of rotation of gear wheels of the pump.
Establish a plunzher and a spring of the reduktsionny valve, put engine oil on a plunzher. Tighten a valve stopper the specified moment.
Moment of an inhaling of a stopper of the reduktsionny valve of the oil pump, N · м:
engines in working volume of 1,3 l..... 40–50
engines in working volume of 1,1 l..... 20–30
Check working edges of an epiploon of a cranked shaft on lack of wear, a buckling or damage.
Check, whether the epiploon spring is weakened.

Fig. 2.137. Installation of a forward epiploon on a sock of a cranked shaft


Establish an opravka (or a piece of a pipe of suitable diameter) for a press fitting of a forward epiploon of a cranked shaft on a sock of a cranked shaft. Put engine oil on an external surface of an opravka and pull effort of a hand a new epiploon on a shaft sock before contact with a forward cover of the block of cylinders (fig. 2.137) . Always establish only a new epiploon.

Fig. 2.138. Press fitting of a forward epiploon of a cranked shaft


Press an epiploon an opravka (fig. 2.138) .
Establish a gear pulley of a cranked shaft, a belt of a drive of the gas-distributing mechanism and a pulley of a cranked shaft.
Establish a maslopriyemnik.
Clear privalochny surfaces of an oil case and the block of cylinders.

Fig. 2.139. Hermetic drawing on a flange of an oil case


Put hermetic in a groove of a flange of an oil case, as is shown in fig. 2.139 .

       NOTE
The thickness of the roller of hermetic should make about 4 mm. The oil case should be established not later than through 15 mines after hermetic drawing.

Establish an oil case and tighten bolts of its fastening the moment of 6-8 N · m.

Sensor of a control lamp of pressure of oil 
Check

Fig. 2.140. Stock-taking of an electric chain between a conclusion and the sensor case by means of an ohmmeter


Check existence of an electric chain between a conclusion and the sensor case (fig. 2.140) . In the presence of break of a chain replace the sensor.

Fig. 2.141. Check by means of an ohmmeter of existence of an electric chain between a conclusion and the sensor case by pressing a sensitive element of the sensor: 1–sensor of a control lamp of pressure of oil; 2–sensitive element of the sensor; 3–ohmmeter


Check existence of an electric chain between a conclusion and the sensor case by pressing a sensitive element of the sensor (fig. 2.141) . If by pressing a sensitive element the chain is not disconnected, replace the sensor.
Create in the sensor depression of 50 kPas through an opening for an oil supply. If thus the electric chain between a conclusion and the case of the sensor is absent, the sensor is serviceable.
Be convinced of tightness of the sensor. Existence of leak indicates  break of a diaphragm of the sensor. The sensor with the damaged diaphragm replace.

Cars with engines in working volume of 1,5 and 1,6 l  

Fig. 2.142. Elements of system of greasing of engines in working volume of 1,5 and 1,6 l: 1–forward epiploon of a cranked shaft; 2–forward cover of the block of cylinders; 3–leading gear wheel of the oil pump; 4–a conducted gear wheel of the oil pump; 5–cover of the oil pump; 6–laying of a forward cover of the block of cylinders; 7–block of cylinders; 8–oil case; 9–laying of a masloslivny stopper; 10-masloslivny stopper; 11-plunzher of the reduktsionny valve; 12-oil filter; 13-stopper of the reduktsionny valve; 14-maslopriyemnik; 15-laying of a maslopriyemnik; 16-spring of the reduktsionny valve


Elements of system of greasing of engines in working volume of 1,5 and 1,6 l are shown on fig. 2.142 .
Oil pump
Removal
Remove a belt of a drive of the gas-distributing mechanism.
Unscrew bolts of fastening of an oil case.
Remove an oil case.
Remove a maslopriyemnik of the oil pump.

Fig. 2.143. Oil pump assembled


Remove a forward cover of the block of cylinders (the case of the oil pump) assembled (fig. 2.143) .
Take out conducting and conducted gear wheels from a forward cover of the block of cylinders. And conducted gear wheels are put on the leader of a label.
Check of a technical condition
Check a forward cover of the block of cylinders on lack of cracks or damages and if necessary replace it.
Check a forward epiploon of a cranked shaft on lack of wear or damage of working edges.
Check an oil case on absence of breakages, damages or cracks and if necessary replace it.
Check a maslopriyemnik on absence of breakages, damages or cracks and if necessary replace it.
Check surfaces of contact of the case of the oil pump with pump gear wheels on absence of damages or wear.
Check teeths of gear wheels on lack of wear or damages.

Fig. 2.144. Check of a radial gap between external diameter of a conducted gear wheel and a nest in the pump case by means of flat щупа


Check a gap between external diameter of a conducted gear wheel and a nest in the pump case (fig. 2.144) .
The radial gap between external diameter of a conducted gear wheel and a nest in the case of the pump should make 0,120–0,185 mm.
The gap between teeths of gear wheels should be 0,025–0,069 mm.
Gap between end faces of gear wheels and the plane of the case of the pump, mm:
conducted gear wheel..... 0,04–0,09
leading gear wheel..... 0,040–0,085

Fig. 2.145. Gap check between teeths of gear wheels by means of flat щупа


Check a gap between teeths of gear wheels of the pump (fig. 2.145) .

Fig. 2.146. Gap check between end faces of gear wheels and the plane of the case of the pump by means of flat щупа


Check a gap between end faces of gear wheels and the plane of the case of the pump (fig. 2.146) .
Check ease of moving of a plunzher of the reduktsionny valve in a nest of the case of the pump.
Check a spring of the reduktsionny valve on absence of deformation and breakage of rounds.
Length of a spring of the reduktsionny valve, mm:
in a free condition..... 46,6
under load of 6,1 kgfs..... 40,1
Assembly and installation
Establish in a forward cover of the block of cylinders (the case of the oil pump) conducting and conducted gear wheels, watching their correct arrangement on labels.
Establish a cover of the oil pump and tighten bolts of fastening the moment of 8-12 N · m. After an inhaling of bolts check smoothness of rotation of gear wheels of the pump.
Establish a plunzher and a spring of the reduktsionny valve, previously having covered with a plunzher with engine oil. Tighten a stopper of the reduktsionny valve the moment of 40-50 N · m.

Fig. 2.147. Fastening bolts (A, B, C, D) forward cover of the block of cylinders


Establish a forward cover of the block of cylinders with new laying and tighten fastening bolts (fig. 2.147) the moment of 20-27 N · m.
Length of bolts (see fig. 2.147 ), mm:
And....... 30
In....... 45
With....... 60
D....... 22

Fig. 2.148. Press fitting of a forward epiploon of a cranked shaft


Press an opravka an epiploon in an opening of a forward cover of the block of cylinders (fig. 2.148) .
Establish a maslopriyemnik.
Clear both parties of laying of an oil case and a privalochny surface of the block of cylinders.

Fig. 2.149. Hermetic drawing on a flange of an oil case


Put hermetic in a flute of a flange of an oil case (fig. 2.149) .
Establish an oil case and tighten bolts of its fastening the moment of 10-12 N · m.

       NOTE
The thickness of the roller of hermetic should make about 4 mm.
The oil case should be established not later than through 15 mines after    hermetic drawing.

Sensor of a control lamp of pressure of oil

Fig. 2.150. An installation site of the sensor of a control lamp of pressure of oil on the block of cylinders of the engine


The sensor of a control lamp of pressure of oil is shown on fig. 2.150 .
Check

Fig. 2.151. Stock-taking of an electric chain between a conclusion and the sensor case by means of an ohmmeter


Check an ohmmeter existence of an electric chain between a conclusion and the sensor case (fig. 2.151) . In the presence of break of a chain replace the sensor.

Fig. 2.152. Check by means of an ohmmeter of existence of an electric chain between a conclusion and the sensor case by pressing a sensitive element of the sensor: 1–sensor of a control lamp of pressure of oil; 2–sensitive element of the sensor; 3–ohmmeter


Check existence of an electric chain between a conclusion and the sensor case by pressing a sensitive element of the sensor (fig. 2.152) . If by pressing a sensitive element the chain is not disconnected, replace the sensor.
Create in the sensor depression in size of 50 kPas through an opening for an oil supply. If thus the electric chain between a conclusion and the case of the sensor is not present, the sensor is serviceable.
Be convinced of tightness of the sensor. Existence of leak indicates  break of a diaphragm of the sensor. The sensor with the damaged diaphragm replace.

That it is necessary to know at oil replacement 
First, it is recommended not only to give to old oil completely to flow down, but also to turn a cranked shaft of the engine on 5–7 turns, to remove the remained oil from oil highways. It is useful to wash out also the engine (for this purpose apply special oil to washing) during 20–25 mines, thus the engine should work in an idling mode.
Changing oil, always it is necessary to replace and the filter. Old, though washed out, will be «as a fly in the ointment».
Oil should be changed indoors where there is no dust and a wind.
At check of level of oil in an engine case the rag which wipe masloizmeritelny щуп, should be pure. Even, apparently, the insignificant particles of the dust which have got to the engine, considerably reduce term of its service.
At replacement of oil change also laying of a stopper of a drain opening in the oil pallet of the engine, and also the case of the oil filter (if it is established). Laying is included into a set of the oil filter.
After replacement of oil it is useful to fix car run, replacement date, oil brand that at the subsequent its replacement or a dolivka there were less problems.
It is not necessary to be afraid of that oil will darken after 1000 km of run. It testifies only that it "works" correctly – holds in itself a deposit and washes surfaces of details.