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In use the car inevitably there are such processes, as weakening of fastening of knots and units, wear of surfaces of a friction, violation of adjusting parameters, aging of rezinotekhnichesky products and paint and varnish coverings. For the prevention of malfunctions and increase of reliability of the car scheduled preventive maintenance which includes verifying, adjusting, lubricant works, and also replacement of separate details through a certain run is provided.
This subsection is intended to help the motorist to support the car in good repair, to reduce operational fuel consumption and oils, to prolong car service life. Here the general plan of scheduled preventive maintenance of the car is provided and maintenance operations are in detail described. Carrying out maintenance according to the plan will provide long and reliable service of the car. 
Here the full plan of maintenance therefore it is recommended to perform all operations with the specified periodicity is provided. At car service you will notice that performance of some operations can be combined with carrying out others is follows from an essence of operations of maintenance. For example, if you lifted the car for carrying out any operation, elements of system of production of the fulfilled gases can be checked at the same time with check of elements of a suspension bracket or a steering. Before the beginning of work it is necessary to be prepared for carrying out maintenance. Familiarize with the description of operation which you are going to execute, buy tools necessary for this purpose and spare parts. If you faced a problem, which unable to solve independently, address to experts.
Regular carrying out all necessary operations of maintenance will provide long and reliable operation of the engine. If quality of operation of the engine worsened, it is necessary to carry out described below operation.

Primary checks:
clear, examine and check the storage battery;
check level of oil and cooling liquid;
check a condition and a tension of belts;
replace spark plugs;
examine a cover of the distributor of ignition, a begunok and high-voltage wires;
check a condition of the air filter and replace it if it is necessary;
check the fuel filter;
check a condition of all hoses and examine them on leak existence.

If specified above operation appeared inefficient, execute additional checks:
check system of additional charge of the storage battery;
check ignition system;
check a power supply system;
replace high-voltage wires.

Visit of service station (car-care center)
It is said that abroad the emergency car throw on the road, and receive completely corrected at a threshold of own house. The insurance company potters with the car, it pays works, the owner often at all does not know, in what car-care center and who was engaged in its restoration.
Sometime so will be and at us, but in most cases (especially if repair trust not to firm station) our owner, addressing in a repair truck, it is compelled to enter long and at times difficult relations with her masters and mechanics. In the relations from which as we know, quality of repair and its price often depends. Not a secret that the same master performs identical work with absolutely different quality. And business here not in malicious will or mood of the performer, and that in ours far not comfortable conditions repair of cars turns into work more often creative which result, among other things, strongly depends on desire of the one who will execute it, and that impression which will be made on it by the customer. There is even a private rule: what client such is and work. And though the client is always right, his correctness makes different impact on a result. With what we happen? And how it is correct to behave not to appear for nothing in all senses?
Look from car-care center.
Workers of workshops characterize the most typical clients and express to them the relation differently. Obobshchenno a picture looks so.
The client - "fop". Comes by the car which has been covered by various "lotions" and "gadgets": additional headlights, stoplights, spoilers, active aerials etc. The impression that the main knots of its car not the motor and a transmission, and the tape recorder with columns is made. Masters of such clients do not love. As a rule, they are not capable to estimate all work spent for repair of a subject of their desire, but are ready to carp at trifling scratch which allegedly was not earlier.
The complete antithesis of fops "hard workers". These are people, for which car not simply a vehicle, and a subsistence. These generally address to service services for performance of those works which cannot make in the absence of the special tool or possibilities. They do not pay attention to minor defects, but are quite capable to make the real scandal if it will become clear that, say, to sealing of a cover of a head of the block applied white hermetic, instead of the red high-temperature.
"Rationalizers". Their cars are supplied with additional filters, electronic proof-readers, omagnichivatel of gasoline, electric systems of protection of a body from corrosion, "fancy" candles. Having addressed to service services with the begun to knock engine demanding major maintenance, such clients sincerely are surprised to that, appears, despite all the aspect modifiers which they regularly filled in in the motor, needed to be changed oil after all. Masters of the such do not respect.
Repair of cars of the "equestrians" who have got used on them only to go is very labor-consuming. Treating visit to car-care center as to visit of the dentist (to go when absolutely will press), they start small diseases to such an extent that the car is simpler for throwing out, than all him to treat. By such cars and nuts it is easier not to turn on, and at once to cut off "Bulgarian". These with interest learn that the torn boot of the CV JOINT in a month leads to replacement of all knot. In the early spring in workshops there are careless "snowdrops", a version of same "equestrians". In their eyes a mute question: Why even last autumn the car quickly ran, and now creaks, how an ungreased cart, speeds are not switched, and the engine is badly got?. They cannot understand that if not to carry out car preservation, many details of its suspension bracket, the engine and a body from long parking under snow spoil more than from daily trips.
Special category the female drivers. By their cars all procedural works, the engine pure, as a rule, are regularly performed, cars are well-groomed. It is difficult to women to estimate real danger of any scratch or knock, and they address in workshops at the slightest pretext. Sometimes on trifles such as replacement of the burned-down safety lock. Their cars do not deliver to mechanics of big efforts, but masters glance at them haughtily.
In general, as it is easy to guess, employees of car-care center treat practically all clients (in soul precisely!) haughtily and scornful it is indulgent. And not only at us. It speaks, probably, perception psychology: They go for a drive, and we to them sanochka carry. There is even a saying: The driver only laying between a wheel and a seat which should be changed first of all. Rich and not so, "teapots" and "know-it-alls", quick-tempered, as gunpowder, and quiet, as tanks, all of us outside of love and deep respect of those who twists to us nuts. Then whom if do not love then respect the master to whom most qualitatively and diligently they carry out repair? Most successfully, judging by our supervision, masters have relations with those who knows specifics of car repairs and represents, at least in general as as it is necessary to do. Thus such person is not obliged itself to be able to twist a nut, but his knowledge and representations quite will suffice to understand, why it was necessary to make that, instead of another, than is caused derogation from a rule and the accepted canon, and the main thing it is difficult to it to rub points. He can always forgive an oversight or a mistake, but is capable to claim strictly for hack-work. He always knows, that wants, and is able to achieve it.
Well and if those skills are not present, how there is no desire (forces, time) to penetrate into specifics of repair, considering, what the car was bought not for this purpose? Then it is necessary to choose such firm car-care center where quality is guaranteed by its high reputation and rigid control from the management. But at us conversation now not about it. How to behave? The councils given below will help to avoid the characteristic mistakes influencing workmanship of works and their price.
It is necessary to be prepared for visit of car-care center. Wash the car. Especially in places of planned repair. Clean from it all superfluous. Disconnect the alarm system and unscrew confidential nuts, having put them on a foreground. Cover seats with old covers, a pure rag or polyethylene. Some leave in a visible place a small bottle of mineral water. It you show respect for people which will be engaged in your car. Try to facilitate carrying out future works in every possible way. If in the car there is an additional electric equipment (electrowindow regulators, additions to ignition system, etc.), leave schemes or prevent about their existence.
Be going to describe clearly those damages which should be eliminated, and ask to check at you work of those knots which are subject to repair. Do not make the diagnosis and the more so do not give categorical recommendations. If you, for example, tell pull a chain, having heard that it rustles, to you it is simply tense. And in some days the uspokoitel will collapse and all head of the block of cylinders will fail, for example. Ask the master most to listen to the engine (to look at a suspension bracket) and solve together, it is necessary to replace what details surely and what to repair. Coordinate here the list of replaced elements and stipulate, who gets them. If service takes up responsibility for quality (especially difficult) details, it is better to charge their purchases to it even if it is a little will increase repair cost. Buying details, choose the best from this that is available. Do not save on trifles nuts, percussion caps, covers, "elastic bands" and in general all disposable details. Their replacement not only increases quality of repair, but also considerably simplifies it, and at the same time and cheers up to those who directly repairs. If you have no idea of how this or that malfunction is eliminated, be not too lazy to open the instruction or a grant on repair and at least in general to penetrate into the main point. It will add to you authority on eyes of the mechanic, will force to work it more carefully, and to you will allow to supervise a course of works. If there is a possibility and desire, be present at repair or at least regularly inquire about its course. In the course of work there are many small questions: to do to do, change to change. It is better, if they decide at once. Besides, defects which then it will be very difficult to eliminate are opened, and at present it is possible. For example, when change a wing or the back panel, the unattractive picture of corrosion of elements surrounding them opens (at the cars which have been earlier subjected to body repair), it is easy to eliminate it on a course, but it is necessary to coordinate with the customer as it demands additional expenses from his party. Watch work unostentatiously, be not above soul. Search and elimination of many "individual" malfunctions occurs a trial and error method, and nobody would like, that someone saw that he is mistaken. At the same time be ready to answer arising questions or something to explain to the master. He knows the car in general, and you behavior and background of this copy. Besides only you know, what oil is filled in in the engine and what a polyrole was used when processing body.
Quality of works try to supervise step by step. The minor body defect which has not been stipulated in initial accounting, it is much simpler to eliminate to soil, than after painting.
Stipulate at once a warranty period, an order of presentation of claims. Especially many questions arise to quality of painting. For example, GOST allows light shagreen leather, existence of a small sornost for this type of works, but does not allow some paint. Our council do not demand very smooth surface. She is easy for receiving, having put a thin paint coat. Besides in this case will not arise whereas the light shagreen leather testifying to a thick layer, it is possible , and existence small even in an imperceptible place will allow to lower working costs essentially.
Nothing happens eternal, but you, for certain, will not arrange, if, say, paint right after the expiration of the guarantee given to you. It will be better, if you buy (having consulted to those who with them will work) expendables and some specific means which can not be in a workshop of the average level. For example, if by your car sometime used silicone a polyrole, get special means for its removal. Some polyroles containing teflon, do not act in film anything, and it is necessary to delete all paint with a special smyvka. Anticorrosive soil get only the best quality, it is desirable two-componental epoksidny about which it is known that they well are tested a salt fog.
Having addressed in a workshop the first time, think that visit here, for certain, will be not the last. Therefore take care of that the following repair delivered
mechanics have less than inconveniences: ask the master to process before final assembly carving and other connections by silicone greasing. It, as well as universal getting liquid (WD-40 type), it is better to have always in a luggage carrier.
Do not bargain after to you called the final price, but before ask to make detailed accounting by separate types of works. Here she can be discussed in more detail to eliminate double payment of the same work. For example, if it is required to replace brake shoes and the brake cylinder, it is impossible to summarize automatically quotations for these works as for replacement of the cylinder it is already necessary to remove a wheel and, for example, a brake drum.
And the last. Do not try to put to the master in gratitude tip, and furthermore a vodka bottle. So it was accepted, when its salary made 56 % of that you paid in cash desk. Today its earnings together with awards and other payments appear more than a half of the sum paid by you. Find other possibilities to show to it the respect and appreciation. For example, present any souvenir or something something like that.

Table 1.7 and
Periodicity of maintenance and name of works
Years/run, one thousand km
Motor compartment
Belts of drives
The high-voltage
system wires

Hoses and engine branch pipes
Drive belt

Spark plugs:
the usual
the platinum

The cooling
Liquid of a hydraulic actuator of brakes and coupling
The air
Electrolit of the storage battery
The fuel
filter: gasoline

Works Under the car
Suspension bracket details
(including protective covers), spherical support,
fixing bolts
Protective covers
Hinges and protective covers of a steering, liquid of the hydraulic booster
Oil in MKP
(everything, except 1)
Oil in MKP (1)
Oil in a transfer case
Oil in differentials
Bolts of fastening of the driveshaft
Tightness of system of release
Works in car salon
Free wheeling of pedals of coupling and brake
Lever of the parking brake
Air filter of system of ventilation
Works outside of the car
Check of wheels and tires, pressure and wear, moment of an inhaling of wheel nuts
Tightness of hoses of brake system
Brake shoes, disks and drums
Tightness of pipelines of a power supply system
Works on the car with the Heated-up engine
Oil in AKP
Engine oil and *
CO and CH check in the fulfilled gases
Check of a dymnost of the fulfilled gases
Additional works
Door locks, Loops, clamps
Screen wipers, washers of headlights and glasses
Lighting devices
Motor tester
Convergence disorder

* a condition of use of engine oil with API index not below SG for petrol engines. The maximum excess of run in relation to regulated (the top line of the table) should not exceed 2000 km or 2 months of operation.
Symbols: Ď–check (survey),  replacement, PZ check (survey) and replacement at need (depending on results of check), recommended operation is carried out at service station in coordination with the owner of the car.

Table 1.7
Periodicity of maintenance and name of works
Years/run, one thousand km
Works in a motor compartment
Belts of drives
High-voltage wires of system of ignition

Hoses and engine branch pipes
Belt of a drive of GRM

Spark plugs:
the usual
the platinum

Cooling liquid
Liquid of a hydraulic actuator of brakes and coupling
Air filter
Electrolit of the storage battery
Fuel filter: gasoline

Works under the car
Suspension bracket details
(including protective covers), spherical support,